Cellvalidating example


The magnetic transducer design is capable of exerting over 200 p N of force on 4.5-.The compatibility with the use of high numerical aperture (≈1.0) objectives is an integral part of the workstation design allowing submicron-resolution, three-dimensional, two-photon imaging.All other boundary layers including the electrode were implemented as no-slip walls with a fluid velocity of zero relative to the wall.The initial velocity of the fluid body across the model was also set to zero.Three-dimensional analyses of cellular deformation under localized mechanical strain are reported.These measurements indicate that the response of cells to large focal stresses may contain three-dimensional global deformations and show the suitability of this workstation to further studying cellular response to mechanical stresses.This paper describes the development of a micromanipulation workstation integrating two-photon, three-dimensional imaging with a high-force, uniform-gradient magnetic manipulator.



While several designs of the electrochemical flow cell suitable for different substrate sizes are in operation, the calculations presented herein are based on a design with a 9.25 mm O-ring inner diameter and a corresponding wetted area of approx. (1) Inflow from tube-in-tube (de)aeration system, (2) outlets, (3) RE compartment, (4) CE compartment, (5) WE compartment with O-ring sealing and top-contact to copper plate.

For such purposes, electrochemical flow cells based on different geometries have found widespread use in flow analysis due to their fast response time, high sensitivity and selectivity.