On their consequent retreat northwards, they blew up the church of St.Ninians where they had been storing munitions; only the tower survived and can be seen to this day.It has been said that "Stirling, like a huge brooch clasps Highlands and Lowlands together".Similarly "he who holds Stirling, holds Scotland" is often quoted.On the top they reportedly raised a crucifix with the inscription: "Anglos, a Scotis separat, crux ista remotis; Arma hic stant Bruti; stant Scoti hac sub cruce tuti." Bellenden translated this loosely as "I am free marche, as passengers may ken, To Scottis, to Britonis, and to Inglismen." It may be the stone cross was a tripoint for the three kingdom's borders or marches; "Angles and Scots here demarked, By this cross kept apart.Brits and Scots armed stand near, By this cross stand safe here." This would make the cross on the centre of the first stone bridge the Heart of Scotland. Located on the River Forth, Stirling is the administrative centre for the Stirling council area, and is traditionally the county town of Stirlingshire.
In January 1746, the army of Bonnie Prince Charlie seized control of the town but failed to take the Castle.Stirling's key position as the lowest bridging point of the River Forth before it broadens towards the Firth of Forth, made it a focal point Once the capital of Scotland, Stirling is visually dominated by Stirling Castle.Stirling also has a medieval parish church, the Church of the Holy Rude, where, on 29 July 1567, the infant James VI was anointed King of Scots by the Bishop of Orkney with the service concluding after a sermon by John Knox.These prams were exported to Canada, South America, India and South Africa.
After the blockades of the World Wars there was some increase in the use of the port including a tea trade with India.
Modern Stirling is a centre for local government, higher education, tourism, retail, and industry.