On the top they reportedly raised a crucifix with the inscription: "Anglos, a Scotis separat, crux ista remotis; Arma hic stant Bruti; stant Scoti hac sub cruce tuti." Bellenden translated this loosely as "I am free marche, as passengers may ken, To Scottis, to Britonis, and to Inglismen." It may be the stone cross was a tripoint for the three kingdom's borders or marches; "Angles and Scots here demarked, By this cross kept apart.Brits and Scots armed stand near, By this cross stand safe here." This would make the cross on the centre of the first stone bridge the Heart of Scotland.A ferry, and later bridge, on the River Forth at Stirling brought wealth and strategic influence, as did its tidal port at Riverside.Major battles during the Wars of Scottish Independence took place at the Stirling Bridge in 1297 and at the nearby village of Bannockburn in 1314 involving William Wallace and Robert the Bruce respectively.It has been said that "Stirling, like a huge brooch clasps Highlands and Lowlands together".Similarly "he who holds Stirling, holds Scotland" is often quoted.
However, if the Romans were ever on the current castle site then they didn't leave more than a coin or two.Stirling's key position as the lowest bridging point of the River Forth before it broadens towards the Firth of Forth, made it a focal point Once the capital of Scotland, Stirling is visually dominated by Stirling Castle.Stirling also has a medieval parish church, the Church of the Holy Rude, where, on 29 July 1567, the infant James VI was anointed King of Scots by the Bishop of Orkney with the service concluding after a sermon by John Knox.One of the principal royal strongholds of the Kingdom of Scotland, Stirling was created a royal burgh by King David I in 1130.
In 2002, as part of Queen Elizabeth's Golden Jubilee, Stirling was granted city status.
These prams were exported to Canada, South America, India and South Africa.